The Kaiser fined him for his writings; he refused to pay. The Weimar Republic charged him with treason for publishing the truth about their illegal military build-up. He fought them in court and went to prison.
In early 1933, when Hitler took power, journalist Carl von Ossietzky was one of the first thrown into the new concentration camps.
In order to get him out of Germany, Ossietzky's friends nominated him for the Nobel Peace Prize. Never thinking he would win, they hoped to create enough international uproar to force Hitler to free the journalist he was torturing.